Thursday, May 11, 2017

My Projectivism

My own personal view (at the moment) is that morality at least begins as non cognitive attitudes and then elaborate beliefs and attempted justifications are constructed around them.
As a Projectionist in morals, I hold that our moral opinions and behaviors are better accounted for as reactions to a reality that consists not of value, moral obligation, or rights. This is in stark contrast to the moral realist who contends that our moral opinions and behaviors are explained by our recognition, or intuition concerning some kind of moral reality.
The human tendency is to project one's negative and positive attitudes onto reality and then mistakenly believe them to be something one locates in-the-world, as something independent of human reactivity and opinion.
For example, one could have a meta physical belief which postulates the existence of some sort of platonic 'realm of values', a belief in some kind of moral non naturalism or naturalism. In meta ethics this view is known as "Projectivism".
While I think it is clear that moral terms are used to express emotional attitudes, it is equally clear that (especially among the theologically minded) moral language is also employed in reference to some mistaken belief concerning 'objective moral values' etc. With that said, I'm not sure that many average folk think very deeply about what they mean when they say 'X is evil!'. They don't necessarily have any particular cognitive moral belief but are merely expressing approval or a strong disgust.
Think of young children for example; they use moral language but haven't had enough time and experience to accumulate nor cognitive capacity to formulate convoluted belief structures.